The Ebers Papyrus

An ancient Egyptian medical papyrus of herbal knowledge combining herbal remedies with magic spells. Among the oldest and most important medical papyri of ancient Egypt. 

The Ebers Papyrus is written in hieratic Egyptian writing and represents the most extensive and best-preserved record of ancient Egyptian medicine known. It dates to the New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, around 1550 BC. Now in the University Library, Leipzig.