Zouave Machine- section, 1915.gun
An Algerian colonial soldier serving at an aid station of the 1st Zouaves Regiment near Chaulnes, France, with two Frenchmen. 21 Oct 1916
Purchase, Alfred Z. Solomon-Janet A. Sloane Endowment Fund and Friends of The Costume Institute Gifts, 2008
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
Medium: wool, cotton, leather, metal
The Algerian Zouave uniform was adopted by French soldiers in North
Africa in the 1830s and later inspired the dress of American militia and
volunteer units during the Civil War. This near-complete uniform of the
Keystone Zouaves, manufactured at the Schuylkill Arsenal in
Pennsylvania, consists of an appliquéd jacket with a false vest,
full-cut pants with ties at the waist and cuff, a pair of brown leather
jambieres, or shin guards, and white cotton leggings, all characteristic
elements of the Zouave style. This example was worn by Private Jediah
K. Burnham, who joined the Keystone Zoaves, Company A of the 76th
Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, in 1863. Among the uniforms
in the Museum’s collection, this ensemble best represents a military
style that precipitated a wider civilian fashion trend. The Zouave
uniform was popularly cited in details of women’s tailored attire as
well as children’s clothes from the 1860s onward.
Zouaves during the Crimean War.
Three brothers from the Great War,
a Zouave, a sailor and a Chausser, a few years later, in 1919.
UNIFORM, CAPTAIN OF THE PONTIFICAL ZOUAVES, Second Empire.
Portrait of two soldiers 4th Regiment of Zouaves