Grenadier Cap of the Yaroslavsky Musketeer Regiment from the Russian Empire dated to 1805 on display at the Danish War Museum in Copenhagen

Grenadiers came into existence during the late 1600′s in most armies as the small grenades, when thrown en mass, could cause devastation in the tight formations of infantry. Grenadiers would wear the mitre cap to allow them to sling their muskets properly as a tricorn hat would have gotten in the way. Though the use of grenadiers had waned by the early 19th century the trappings and status’s of the regiments were kept on.

Photographs taken by myself 2018


Mitre Cap of the Pavlovsky Life Guards Regiment from the Russian Empire dated to Late 19th Century on display at the Danish War Museum in Copenhagen

These caps were worn as part of the dress uniform of the grenadier officers from the Pavlovsky Life Guards Regiment 4th Battalion right up until till 1917 and the revolution. They were a a relatively new regiment set up during the Napoleonic Wars and were awarded the right to wear the mitre cap for its bravery in the 1807 campaign while all other grenadiers had been ordered to wear shakos since 1805.

Photographs taken by myself 2018


An antique Russian Imperial military award badge for service in the Caucasus. The badge was given to officers who served during the 1859-1864 campaign in the Caucasus.
Regular officer’s badges were made in silver. Handmade badges with gold embellishments were intended for higher ranks.
The badge is designed as an oxidized textured silver cross with gold borders and gold center medallion with a hand-engraved silver Imperial double headed eagle. The cross is laid on two crossed gold swords. The center medallion is flanked by gold inscription in Old Slavonic script: FOR SERVICE IN THE CAUCASUS. The upper arm of the cross is embellished with a gold cipher of Tsar Alexander II, the lower arm – with the date ‘1864’ in gold.
Width 49 mm (1 15/16 in.)
Weight 23.3 gr.


Czech Legionnaires on an armored train during the Russian Civil War. The Czech Legion was a unit of the Russian army which remained loyal to the Allies. When they ran afoul of Trotsky and the Bolsheviks, the Czechs decided to fight their way out of Russia to the Pacific coast on armored trains like this one. Their anabasis broke Red strength in Siberia and allowed anti-Bolshevik forces there to organize.


S.S. Yevstratov is a tankman, a junior lieutenant in reserve, a participant in the battle on the Volga. For the Miusskaya operation was awarded the Order of the Red Star, 1945

С.С. Евстратов – танкист, младший лейтенант запаса, участник битвы на Волге. За Миусскую операцию награжден орденом Красной звезды, 1945